Command for Rsync over SSH – Unix/Linux

Command for Rsync over SSH 

 Common Syntax for Rsync:

# rsync [options] Source Destinations. 

Set up a secure backup with rsync + SSH of one system to the other.

backup.example.com# rsync -avz --numeric-ids --delete root@myserver.example.com:/path/ /backup/myserver/

To do the backup, you have to be root on the remote server, because some files are only root readable.

Problem: you will allow backup.example.com to do anything on myserver.example.com, where just read only access on the directory is sufficient.

Then, use the command="" directive in the authorized_keys file to filter the command.

Find this command, start rsync adding the -e'ssh -v' option:

rsync -avz -e'ssh -v' --numeric-ids --delete root@myserver.example.com:/path/ /backup/myserver/ 2>&1 | grep "Sending command"

Result like:

debug1: Sending command: rsync --server --sender -vlogDtprze.iLsf --numeric-ids . /path/

Now, just add the command before the key in /root/.ssh/authorized_keys:

command="rsync --server --sender -vlogDtprze.iLsf --numeric-ids . /path/" ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1in2EAAAABIwAAABio......

And for even more security, add an IP filter, and other options:

from="backup.example.com",command="rsync --server --sender -vlogDtprze.iLsf --numeric-ids . /path/",no-agent-forwarding,no-port-forwarding,no-pty,no-user-rc,no-X11-forwarding ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1in2EAAAABIwAAABio......

Now try to open a ssh shell on the remote server.. and try some unauthorized rsync commands…

 

 

 


Vishwajit Kale

Vishwajit Kale blazed onto the digital marketing scene back in 2015 and is the digital marketing strategist of Hostripples, a company that aims to provide affordable web hosting solutions. Vishwajit is experienced in digital and content marketing along with SEO. He's fond of writing technology blogs, traveling and reading.