Command for Rsync over SSH – Unix/Linux

Command for Rsync over SSH 

 Common Syntax for Rsync:

# rsync [options] Source Destinations. 

Set up a secure backup with rsync + SSH of one system to the other.

backup.example.com# rsync -avz --numeric-ids --delete root@myserver.example.com:/path/ /backup/myserver/

To do the backup, you have to be root on the remote server, because some files are only root readable.

Problem: you will allow backup.example.com to do anything on myserver.example.com, where just read only access on the directory is sufficient.

Then, use the command="" directive in the authorized_keys file to filter the command.

Find this command, start rsync adding the -e'ssh -v' option:

rsync -avz -e'ssh -v' --numeric-ids --delete root@myserver.example.com:/path/ /backup/myserver/ 2>&1 | grep "Sending command"

Result like:

debug1: Sending command: rsync --server --sender -vlogDtprze.iLsf --numeric-ids . /path/

Now, just add the command before the key in /root/.ssh/authorized_keys:

command="rsync --server --sender -vlogDtprze.iLsf --numeric-ids . /path/" ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1in2EAAAABIwAAABio......

And for even more security, add an IP filter, and other options:

from="backup.example.com",command="rsync --server --sender -vlogDtprze.iLsf --numeric-ids . /path/",no-agent-forwarding,no-port-forwarding,no-pty,no-user-rc,no-X11-forwarding ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1in2EAAAABIwAAABio......

Now try to open a ssh shell on the remote server.. and try some unauthorized rsync commands…

 

 

 


Command for Rsync over SSH – Unix/Linux, Hostripples Web Hosting

Vishwajit Kale

Vishwajit Kale blazed onto the digital marketing scene back in 2015 and is the digital marketing strategist of Hostripples, a company that aims to provide affordable web hosting solutions. Vishwajit is experienced in digital and content marketing along with SEO. He's fond of writing technology blogs, traveling and reading.