Web hosting refers to the service of providing storage space and resources on a server to host websites, making them accessible on the internet.
A server is a powerful computer that stores website files, databases, and other resources and delivers them to users when they request access to a website.
A domain name is a human-readable address used to access a website on the internet, like www.example.com. Users type the domain name in their browser to visit a specific website.
DNS (Domain Name System):
The Domain Name System is a system that translates domain names into IP addresses, allowing computers to locate and connect to websites on the internet.
IP Address (Internet Protocol Address):
An IP address is a unique numerical label assigned to each device connected to a network, allowing them to communicate with each other over the internet.
VPS Hosting (Virtual Private Server Hosting):
VPS hosting includes partitioning a physical server into multiple virtual servers, along with its own dedicated resources. It comes with more control and customization than shared hosting.
Dedicated hosting provides an entire physical server exclusively for one website. It offers high performance, customization options, and better security but comes at a higher cost.
It uses various interconnected servers to distribute resources and data, to ensure better scalability, flexibility, and reliability.
It’s a type of web hosting that involves multiple websites sharing the resources of a single server. It is a cost-effective option for smaller websites with moderate traffic.
It is the amount of data that is transferred between a website and its users for a specific period. It is measured in gigabytes (GB) per month.
SSD (Solid State Drive):
SSD is a type of storage technology that uses microchips to store data. It provides faster data access and improved website performance compared to traditional HDD (Hard Disk Drive) storage.
Uptime represents the percentage of time a web hosting server remains operational and accessible to users. Higher uptime percentages indicate better reliability.
Downtime is the opposite of uptime and refers to the period when a web hosting server is not operational or accessible to users.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) and SFTP:
FTP and SFTP is a standard network protocol file transfer between a computer and a server. For multiple transfers, FTP is the best option instead of moving hundreds of files solely.
An SSL certificate encrypts data transmitted between a website and its users, ensuring secure and private communication. It is essential for protecting sensitive information like login credentials and credit card details.
A control panel is a web-based interface provided by web hosting companies to manage various aspects of a website, such as file management, database administration, email settings, etc.
Backups are copies of website data and files that are stored to protect against data loss. Regular backups are essential for disaster recovery and data restoration in case of emergencies.
These are some fundamental web hosting terms that you may come across when dealing with website hosting services. Understanding these terms can help you to make informed decisions and manage your website effectively.